Precision 1Hz clock Generator using Chip-On-Board
Revealed by: Olivia
On: 25 Nop, 2018
Viewed:104 times - 1 day, 11 hour, 43 minute, 23 second ago
Downloaded: 0 times -
Rated 4.9 / 5 based on 378 reviews
Usually the circuits for generation of 1Hz clock for applications in digital clock and counter circuits make use of ICs in conjunction with a crystal and trimmer capacitors, etc. However, similar or better accuracy can be achieved using a chip-on-...
Usually the circuits for generation of 1Hz clock for applications in digital clock and counter circuits make use of ICs in conjunction with a crystal and trimmer capacitors, etc. However, similar or better accuracy can be achieved using a chip-on-board (COB) device found inside a digital clock, which is readily available in the market for Rs 15-20. This COB consists of IC, capacitors and quartz crystal, etc which are mounted on its surface. It works on 1.4 volt DC source. This COB can be used to derive 1Hz clock.
Resistor R1, capacitor C3, diodes D1 and D2 shown in the circuit convert 5V DC into 1.4V DC. A ½Hz clock is available at terminals A and B with a phase difference of 90o. The two outputs, are combined using capacitors C1 and C2 to obtain a complete 1Hz clock. This 1Hz clock pulse has a very low amplitude of the order of a few milli-volts which cannot be used to drive the digital circuits directly. This low-level voltage is amplified several times by op-amp IC CA3140.
The op-amp CA3140 is connected in a non-inverting mode, and its gain is set by resistors R4 and R3. Capacitor C2 reduces the AC gain and unwanted stray pick-up and thus improves stability of the circuit. The input impedance of IC CA3140 is very high and thus there is no drop at the input when 1Hz clock signal of low level is connected across its input terminals from the COB. Amplified 1Hz clock pulse is available at its output pin 6, which is further amplified by transistors T1 and T2 to drive the digital clocks and timers.
Preset VR1 is offset null control used to adjust proper 1Hz pulse at the output terminal ‘E’. Connect one LED in series with 220-ohm resistor between the terminal ‘E’ and ground and adjust preset VR1 till the LED blinks once every second. When using the COB, affix the same on a general-purpose PCB using rubber based adhesive and solder the terminals neatly using thin single-strand wire.
Lab Note: The COBs used in different watches may differ some what in their configuration. But by trial-and error one can always find out the appropriate points corresponding to points A, B, C and D. Figure of a second COB used by EFY Lab is shown alongside. The points A and B (on the COB used by us) were observed to have complementary 1Hz outputs and hence anyone (only) could be used as input to opamp CA3140.
Accuracy, precision, and sensitivity are the characteristics that sufficiently describe the static behavior of a sensor. But sometimes other characteristics
are added or substituted for them w...
Since the sensor influenles the characteristics of the whole measurement system, it is important to describe its behavior. In most measurement systems the quantity to be measured changes so slowly ...
A great number of sensors are available for different physical quantities. In order to study them, it is advisable first to classify sensors according to some criterion. In addition to the criteria...
The major types of transformers for both power and communications applications are listed below, along with the general operating frequencies for each type.
Power transformers 50...
If you want to search great sounding chip ampilifier with lots of power the answer is TDA2050. Before start to design you have to know output power you need from the amplifier. another part neccess...
Are you want to create your DIY water level controler using 8051 Microcontroller? how to detect and control the water level in an overhead tank or any other container....
As the fastest growing demand of circuit and wiring diagram for automotive and electronics on internet based on different uses such as electronic hobbyists, students, technicians and engineers than we decided to provide free circuit and wiring diagram base on your needed.
To find circuit and wiring diagram now a day its easy. E-learning through internet as a right place to search an exact circuit and wiring diagram of your choice and it's much fun and knowledgable. On internet you will find thousands of electronic circuit diagrams some are very good designed and some are not. So you have to modify them to make them according to your needs but some circuits are ready to make and require no changes.
There are many categories of circuit and wiring diagrams like automotive, audio circuits, radio & RF circuits, power supply circuits, light circuits, telephone circuits, timer circuits, battery charger circuits etc. There are many types of circuit and wiring diagrams some are very easy to build and some are very complicated, some are so small and some contain huge list of parts.
We provides free best quality and good designed schematic diagrams our diagrams are free to use for all electronic hobbyists, students, technicians and engineers. We also provides a full educational system to students new to electronics. If you are new to electronics you are a student or a electronic hobbyist and want to increase your knowledge in electronics or want to understand electronics in a very easy way so this is the right place for you we provide electronics beginner guide tutorials to easily understand complicated electronic theory. Our mission is to help students and professionals in their field.